Manually Install Cumulative Updates and Virus Definitions on Windows 10

Want more control over your Windows Updates? Here’s how to tell Windows 10 when and what to install.

For any Windows 10 PC—be it in an office, a home, a school, or a government institution—there are endless Windows Updates to install. Microsoft has gone to great lengths to make this process unobtrusive. In fact, for most home users with steady internet connections, Windows Updates are installed automatically with little to no input from the user. In an ideal world, this is how updates would go for everyone. But as evidenced by the breadth and popularity of our Windows update troubleshooting article on the Windows 10 Help Forums, it’s clear that we don’t live in an ideal world. For reasons technological and logistical, you may not be able to get on board with set-it-and-forget-it automatic Windows Updates. Microsoft has made welcome update service improvements that make installing Windows Updates require fewer resources and installation faster. Still, there are times when you might need to install updates manually.

Examples of Individual Cumulative Update

For example, you might have multiple PCs, which, even for a large organization such as a school, having each machine connected to the internet can bring your network to a halt. Sure, there is a new way of using one PC on your network to share updates with other machines, but this feature can reduce the performance of your PC, as I’ve observed. Cumulative Updates can also help bring a fresh installation of Windows 10 up to date too. Apart from these options, Microsoft makes it easy to download and install Windows Updates such as Cumulative Updates and Windows Defender definitions manually. This article shows you how to do it.

Install Cumulative Updates and Other Updates Manually

First, let’s start by defining the different types of updates Microsoft provides.

Windows Update – when you check for new updates, Microsoft provides a single fix for a part of Windows 10. These tend to be small and specific—for example, a security update that fixes a problem in Adobe Flash Player or protects you from a specific ransomware attack.

Cumulative – includes a collection of previously released updates; instead of downloading each relevant update separately, they are bundled together in a single package. If you have updates included in the cumulative update installed already, they are not installed. In addition, Microsoft sometimes includes new versions of existing updates, e.g., a version 2 to fix for something that might not have been resolved in the initial release.

Cumulative Delta – another type of update is a delta. This is most advantageous to users with limited bandwidth since it only downloads changes to a program.

Update Catalog

Microsoft’s Update Catalog lets users manually download single updates or cumulative updates for Windows 10. Before you download a cumulative update, you need to find out what you currently have installed on your computer. If you perform a fresh install of Windows 10 Creators Update, for example, the version installed is 15063.0. A recently updated system will display 15063.413 as of this writing. You can check the version installed by pressing Windows key + R and typing: winver then hitting Enter. The About dialog will reveal the build number and cumulative update installed.

Microsoft maintains a web page called Update History, which lists all the cumulative updates and their contents for each Windows 10 and Windows Server release. The Update History web page also provides links to the Microsoft Update Catalog, where you can download a particular update.

Check Known Issues

So, before you download a cumulative update, make sure you check what you have installed. For this article, I am going to download 15063.332 and install it on a computer running 15063.128. The process is easy, go to the Update History page, look for the latest cumulative update number, scroll down, then click the link at the bottom for the Update Catalog.

The Microsoft Update Catalog page will present two options, a 32 and 64-bit version of the cumulative update. Choose the one that matches your Windows 10 architecture. In my case, I am running Windows 10 Pro 64 bit, so that I will download that.

Click the live link to begin the download.

Save the file to your hard disk.

Install Cumulative Update

After downloading the cumulative update, proceed to launch the .msi file and then wait while initializing.

Click Yes when prompted to begin the installation.

Wait while the update is installed.

Click Restart Now to complete the installation. During this time, Windows 10 will display a progress bar indicating the progress of the installation.

There you go; your cumulative update is installed.

Windows Defender Definitions

Windows 10’s built-in antivirus can be updated manually, too. New definitions can be downloaded from the Malware Protection Center. Sometimes, I notice when Windows Update lists definitions for download, they seem to take forever to download and install. A manual download will ensure it’s installed. Offline definitions are also great for PCs you rarely connect to the Internet.

download definitions

So, that’s a look at getting your updates to install manually. If you do experience problems with Windows Update, remember to check out our list of tips for troubleshooting the service. If you are installing updates from the Windows Store, check our guide for resolving app installation problems you might experience.

Share your thoughts in the comments if you found this helpful, and let us know if the new improvements in Windows Update have made the service more reliable.



  1. Frank Lerner

    July 11, 2017 at 10:07 am

    I can not install this upgrade due to the fact that I clicked to install and it said I need a program to install this update. I need Windows standalone update starter program. I have windows 10 v 1703 15063.413 KB4020102 failed to install. I have that on my download list and it will not install without proper program to install it. I need the Windows standalone update starter program installed on my computer to run this program. Thanks

    • Eric

      March 3, 2018 at 8:47 am

      I just tried this method and got the same message about it needing a program to work. In my case, the message also said “Do you want to search the (Microsoft) Store for an application?” I was doubtful that it would be there, but I clicked “Yes” and the manual update started immediately. (I can’t find the standalone installer using the Store search function though.)

  2. draly

    July 16, 2017 at 2:20 am

    Hi Andre Da Costa,
    I have more than one PC running latest windows10_1703,Is there way I can get this updates the cumulative and other updates from one PC to update the other PCs and how?
    Is there specific folder that windows 10 downloads all the updates automatically then it install afterwards?

  3. Bill Ridder

    October 29, 2017 at 8:17 pm

    I found this article to be clear (I liked the examples), complete, and very helpful since Windows Update would not download the latest update. The debug tool didn’t help either.
    I was only succesful with is manual update method.

  4. Merryann Palmer

    April 15, 2018 at 12:35 am

    I’m hoping these instructions, along with those of how to do the 3/20/2018 update manually (it won’t install) will finally get my pc to stop trying to install the stupid thing. My online tech support can’t very well do something that appears to have to be done off-line, so I guess those 15 years in IT are good for something! And I thought I was retired.

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