How-To

How to Create a Bootable Windows SD Card or Flash Drive

usb-stick-boot-windows

Here’s how to create a bootable Windows SD card or USB flash drive. This is perfect for installing windows on a Netbook or Tablet PC.

If you’re working with a netbook or a tablet computer, you likely won’t have an included DVD-ROM drive.  Normally this is fantastic! It makes your overall device lighter, and less expensive.  But, if you need to install or reformat Windows, then you run into some problems rather quickly.  No DVD-drive means you can’t just burn a copy of Windows and throw it in there.  Fortunately, most netbooks have an SD Card slot, and ALL of them support USB Pen Drives.  Let’s use that to our advantage and get Windows running!

What you need to do this:

  • A minimum of an 8GB* removable storage disk.  This storage can be an SD card or a USB Flash Drive.
  • A computer that is already running Windows.
  • A Windows 7, Vista, or XP installation disk, or .iso file equivalent.

Although you only need 8GB, just grab a 32GB or 64GB from Amazon. As of 2017, it’s probably more expensive to buy a smaller drive vs. a 64GB or larger. Also, don’t forget to verify the motherboard you’re installing Windows on supports booting from a USB / removable storage drive. This is fairly common now but if you’re trying to install Windows on an older machine, something to think about if you run into issues. 

Got all that? Way to go! Let’s get started.

Step 1

Alright, so you have your SD Card or a USB Pen Drive (some people call either of these flash drives.)  Keep in mind that if you go the SD Card route, make sure your computer has an SD Card reader. Good news, they are cheap on Amazon so not a big deal if you need to order one real quickly.

Once you have procured yourself one of these, plug it into your computer.  If you have anything valuable saved on your portable storage, backup any data you have saved on your SD/USB before we get started.  In the steps that follow we’ll be formatting and completely cleaning it out in the process of turning it into a windows boot disk.

*Oh, before I forget, a great thing about USB Flash Drives, I suppose a 3GB drive would work, but as far as I know, that is a very unusual size.  And besides, once you are done installing you can use the 4GB drive for ReadyBoost to improve your system performance.

install windows 7 from SD card or usb

Step 2

Go to the Start menu and Type cmd in the search box to open up the command prompt.

start menu launch cmd

In this tutorial we’ll run into a lot of command-line, so to keep it easy I’ll just list the command for each step. You’ll need to Press Enter after each command is typed out.

First, we need to open diskpart, which is a cmd-line program built-in to Windows.

Type: Diskpart

launch diskpart

Step 3

A new window should appear with the system32\diskpart.exe in the title bar.

Type: list disk

Some disks should appear in a small matrix (chart.)  Look for the one that matches the size of your SD Card/USB drive.  It might not be an exact match since actual usable disk space is about 5% less than what is advertised.  For the next command, you need to enter the number that corresponds to that drive.

Type: select disk 2

find your sd flash drive

Step 4

Now that the disk is selected, we can start cleaning it up and getting it ready.   These commands should be the same for everyone, so just enter them one after the other.

Type: clean
Type: create partition primary
Type: select partition 1
Type: active
Type: format fs=fat32

clean and create partition

format partition

Step 5

Formatting will take a couple of minutes, so now is a good time to grab a snack. 😉

Once it is done, we’ll assign a drive letter to your newly formatted removable storage disk.*

Type: assign letter=y
Type: exit

*You don’t have to use the letter “y” but since that is likely not taken we’ll use it for this tutorial to keep things simple.

assign new drive letter

Step 6

If you have a Windows 7 installation DVD, insert it into your DVD drive.  If instead, you have an installation .ISO, then mount it on your computer using a Virtual disk drive.

windows 7 installation disc or iso

Once your disk is inserted, Click the Start Menu and then Click Computer.  A window should pop-up listing all of your hard drives and removable storage.  Look for your DVD drive and take a note of what letter is assigned to it. If you are using a virtual drive, it might be called the BD-ROM drive instead of DVD. In my case, the DVD drive is assigned the letter “e,” so that is what I’ll be using in the next step.

my computer find dvd drive letter

Step 7

Now, all we have to do is copy the files from the installation disk to the sd card.  In the example below, e:\ is my DVD drive and y:\ is my SD card.

Type: xcopy e:\* y:\ /s /e /f

This process might take a while since you are transferring a little over 2GB worth of files.

xcopy from dvd drive to sd card

Done!

After the files ultimately transfer, you are done!  You now have yourself a Windows installation portable drive.

Now for the computer that you want to install Windows on using this, all you need to do is restart the computer and spam-press the F2 key while it is booting up; or whatever the setup key is, but F2 is the standard for many systems.  Pushing the F2 key should load up the system Bios. Here you have to go into the Boot Device Priority section and change the USB/SD card to #1 on the priority list.  Once this is set, your computer should treat your SD/USB just like a Windows 7 Installation DVD.

set computer to boot from usb drive


142 Comments

142 Comments

  1. Costache Adrian  

    Thank you, it worked perfect for my SD Card.

    • Leebo  

      Awesome thanks!

  2. bice  

    cool! works perfect! i <3 you! 😀

  3. Arjunan  

    Awesome site…Useful Information ….

  4. gegil1  

    It gives me access denied on the last step when i try to copy the files to the sd card

    • Aaron  

      I know this is very delayed but in case anyone else has the problem you need a space between the “*” and the “y”.

      • Zack  

        works well wit de space betwn * and y

    • anonymous  

      I know is a little late, but if anyone else has the same problem, you have to open the cmd as administrator. Just right click on the cmd icon and select open as administrator.

    • Ally  

      the command took me ages of trial error to get in it is :

      xcopy_(your dvd drive letter):*_(sdcard letter):_/s_/e_/f

      _ is a space.

      • suraj rawat  

        yes! it works sucessfully…! thanks!!!

    • bb  

      In my case Avira (antivirus) has been preventing command from succeeding.

    • Dragos  

      Type exit diskpart before make last step

  5. Carl  

    Ok I get to “active” and hit enter and it says no partition selected. tried it 3 times not working for me

    • Texus Noe  

      type in select partition 1

      If there isn’t a partition, then type “create partition primary” then verify the partition creation by typing “list partition”.

      Hope this helps.

  6. Carl  

    Alrighty then I switched computers and it is working now, then again I could spelled partion like this instead of the partition as I should have.

    Oh well it is working

  7. ozgur  

    cooooooooooool!!!!!!!!!!

  8. Manni  

    its not a system disk so it will not boot. need system files to boot, xcopy will not do that

    • smeg off  

      A system disk is identified by what’s on it. If it has a bootmgr (Windows Boot Manager) it’ll boot.

  9. Cheet  

    Ok so my problem is after list disk cmd my sd card isn’t shown only my hard drive which windows recognises it and I can use it so why isn’t it showing up?

  10. thulasiayya  

    Hai! i want the page detail with screen short of How to Create a Windows Bootable Install SD Card or USB Flash Drive

  11. Dre  

    How do you know when the files are done copying?

    • jerseygadfly  

      the lowest prompt line shows the file being copied, when the prompt moves down to allow a new command you are done

    • Nelson Bailey  

      When files are done copying the C:\ DOS promt will appear on the lower left hand side of screen. basically this is using the old DOS operation system to issue commands.

    • John  

      It will return to saying C Drive

    • John  

      Alright. I copied the file from MY I=dvd to H=SD card.
      I put the sd card into my laptop.
      I get the windows install screen.
      Butit doesnt find anything for driver to install ??

  12. Awesome. Exactly what I was looking for while trying to save my Windows 7 with a DVD image after it screwed itself up and none of the diagnostic tools could fix it (no improvement since XP in terms of stability or repairability, if possible even worse).

    However, diskpart doesn’t work as you describe on XP. It cannot select a USB key, only a real disk. It doesn’t list a USB key with list disk, only with list volume. One can select volume, but then it refuses to accept clean, since no disk is selected, only a volume. I’ll have to do it on Windows 7.

  13. http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/how-to-create-a-bootable-usb-drive-from-your-windows-cd/ tells how to create a bootable Windows copy with WinToFlash. Its wizard makes it very simple. One still needs a virtual drive if the image is not on a DVD already.

  14. ramesh  

    i want to know how to that before window instalation i how will do bootable any sd card.
    so pls help me .

    • Paul  

      “i want to know how to that before window instalation i how will do bootable any sd card.
      so pls help me .”

      dude… WHAT THE HELL ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT?!
      could you speak ENGLISH?!

  15. Thank you! the perfect tutorial!

  16. krzynio_s  

    Do not work. LIST DISK do not show SD-Card as ‘Disk’ (only as ‘Volume’) and can not be selected. Further action are not possible.

    • ill  

      Dude you are a dipshit leave this site you have no clue what you are talking about

      • Ian  

        tells a person to leave a tutorial site because he asked a question

        lol

  17. Paul  

    wtf? why don’t you go to computer -> right-click on your flash drive -> format, select FAT32 and THAT’S IT?!!!
    why do you use the command line??? those commands suck! it would be much faster to format it in regular way!

    • jsvanc  

      The reason to use the diskpart command is so that you can mark the partition as active. If you don’t do this step, the netbook will not be able to boot from the SD Card.

  18. vishwa  

    it is very use full

  19. ankit  

    during the format process….. accidentally the sd card was removed in the middle of the process …and now the sd card cant be mounted by the mobile what to do???????

    • lex luther  

      Kick urself in the nuts for starters. try mounting to another pc.

    • Ron  

      Put the card in a PC or read it with a card reader. Open ‘My Computer’. Right click the SD card and hit ‘Format…’ Choosing a quick format is fine. Make sure ‘File System’ is set to FAT32. Hit ‘Start’ and when it’s done your SD card will be formatted, which also kind of means it got ‘reset’.

      After that, just run through the steps in this article again 🙂

  20. ASA  

    Thanks from Lithuania.

  21. Paul  

    Great Tutorial Worked Perfectly!!!!!!

  22. weiderhosen  

    you are awesome thnx

  23. Mario Podrecca  

    thanks dude. very easy steps, good explanation

  24. ebin  

    but i have no cd i have only a windows .iso file only

    • What is it exactly you are trying to do?

    • Benny  

      Mount the iso file with Virtual Clone drive.

    • Marcus2012  

      Or use 7-Zip (free) and extract all the files from the ISO file.

  25. Sid  

    Cool man its working !!!!!!!!!!!! 🙂

  26. Mike  

    I’m getting stuck on Step 7. After a little while of lines of text appearing in the CMD, a message appears saying “The target volume does not support symbolic links”. Anyone know how to fix this?

    • veve  

      same here. you basically need to get out of diskpart by typing exit.

      then once you re back to the normal cmd line, type in the line given in step 7 again

  27. Using a 8 GB Sdhc card. Receive a “invalid partition table” message when booting my PC using this card. Any ideas? Maybe I need a smaller (4 gb) card, non-SDHC? I don’t think I made any mistakes with the script above, tried multiple times and receive same message. Thanks for any additional guidance!

  28. Volkan Cengen  

    Hi. I’ve done all steps without any problem. Now I need to delete these Windows files on my SD card ’cause I want to use the card on my camera. But it doesn’t work! When I try to format the card a message pops up: “Disk is write protected”

    How can I solve this issue? Any thoughts?

    • Marcus2012  

      Make sure that the slider on the left hand side is pushed up towards the gold pins on the back.

      • Volkan Cengen  

        Thanks for the tip but it’s not like that. 🙂 I used that SD card for the first time, I never touched any slider before and after the above mentioned steps. I finished my work (btw I had to boot from a USB hard drive because there was no boot option from SD card :D) and wanted to delete the content.

    • Bob  

      Try using the diskpart clean described above

  29. saqib  

    GR8
    well done. Good job.
    I have never seen such an instructive and helpful post.
    THANK YOU 🙂

  30. Chris Worth  

    Many thanks for this helpful and informative set of instructions.

  31. Zonemb  

    thz, its helpful

  32. MikePa  

    my question lags rest of the folks comments, hope someone will still answer me. The SD is ready as I follow your easy instructions. unfortunately I’m stuck not having neither the Windows 7 installation DVD not installation .ISO. when I bought the HP desktop W7 came preinstalled and no supporting hardware was included. Is factory image partition that I can use to complete the task? would someone please advice what should I do next?

    • Hi Mike,

      If you don’t have a DVD with Windows on it or an ISO, you are stuck unfortunately.

      Your HP should have a factory partition like you mentioned however that is there only to rebuild your HP box back to the factory image when you received it the first time. It will take your box back to the Windows 7 fresh install. I think there is an “easy” way to use that to build a Windows 7 Install DVD or ISO.

      What you might be able to do is wait for Windows 8 to release to consumers in October then goto Windows.com and buy the media for $40 to get Windows 8 DVD media. From there you will be able to build a Bootable USB drive as this article describes.

  33. papajuju  

    Each time i use DISKPART and SELECT my SD CARD, the card is not readable again ! Even not by Windows !… `-(

    • Try using this how-to article. It’s an automated way to do the same thing. https://www.groovypost.com/howto/create-bootable-windows-8-flash-drive/

      • Spider  

        Is there a way to do the same thing but rather than use an installation disc or .iso, use a vhd disk with my fully installed windows xp and use that as a kind of live windows environment?

        • moe  

          No, sorry… It isn’t possible to do that, you have to backup, clean install Windows, and then restore your data. (This is a reply for anyone else wondering the same thing).

          Or you can use cloud storage or something (like OneDrive or Google Drive)

  34. Yarys  

    great guide..after long time i was doing something like this and copletely forgot how to do it… nice reminder ,how quick its possible forget basics …thanks for saving me 🙂

  35. tONY  

    hEY THANKS A LOT BUDDY THESE INSTRUCTIONS REALLY HELPED

  36. Christian Larsen  

    Thank you so much!

  37. Adrian  

    Hi, I get a “Remove all media, press any key to restart” error when I try to boot after the SD card. I executed the process above. The BIOS has been set to boot after the USB/SD card. Any ideas why it doesn’t work? Thank you

  38. buythiscomputer  

    Hello,

    I do not have USB/SD card option in my insyde h2o bios !

    I can boot from USB but not from SDCARD, how to do ?

    Thank you for your help !

  39. Fred  

    Thank you, it works great !
    I had to disable Antivir to be able to copy the file autorun.inf from the W7 iso,
    else xcopy is blocked.

  40. Hi Anuj Here.  

    Thanks u so much.really its working for me.Thanks again………………….

  41. EXCELLENT!!!! THANK YOU VERY MUCH!!!!

  42. Raz  

    Hey man, I’ve been using the commands I learned here a few times already until I decided to get a USB Stick without formatting it after installation. I am doing another one with Windows 8 now. I have a question still… is there any chance to make Windows 7 and Windows 8 bootable on the same USB Stick and afterwards, when you try to install on a computer just to choose whether you install Win7 or Win8 ? Thanks

  43. kasperr  

    Hi sir,is it possible to multiboot asd card similar to multiboot usb?If yes please detail the process with each step.

  44. sorin  

    it is possible to boot an tablet pc,android 4.0,1,5 gb dual core processor,1 gb ram,with this method,the tablet running android,you have an solution about that??

  45. scott  

    Great! Thanks for this – I’d seen several posts about using diskpart to create the SD volume but they all seemed to miss the bit about setting the active partition – your steps worked perfectly!

    Cheers

  46. dwindel  

    Did fine until the xcopy command. I have the drive letters right, but Windows didn’t recognize the command. Do spaces matter? I tried several combinations.

  47. Worked well til the part when I got in to the Setup>Boot>Boot Priority Order .
    There was no ” USB/SD “. Can somebody help me ? And is there also a way to undo all of this where in you can use your SD CARD to a storage media again ?

  48. Michael  

    Hi,

    First of, great guide, im getting an error like this:

    G:\sources\boot.wim -> Y:\sources\boot.wim
    G:\zRCDIMAGE\core.wim -> Y:\zRCDIMAGE\core.wim
    File creation error – The parameter is incorrect.

    ive used the following parameters:

    :\>xcopy g:\* y:\ /s /f

    • Michael  

      there is an /e after the /s parameter, dnt know why it didnt got copied.

    • Michael  

      Oh damn, nvm i figured it out..

      Is there anyway to make this work with NTFS file system? or wont that be bootable?

      Anybody?

  49. James  

    Ok, I know it is 2 years later. I have an acer aspire one D250-1042. I am attempting to put XP on the new hard drive. The last one stopped working. I followed the instructions to the letter, and everything worked. Even got XP on the SD card. My problem is the netbook won’t boot from the sd card. it doesn’t even recognize it in the bios as being there. Help.

  50. CS  

    I got as far as the “list disk” command. Sadly, when using that command, my SD card is not read by the Command Prompt and only my hard drive is shown. Could someone help me with this?

  51. ayie  

    how to change the sd card back to normal?

  52. Great tutorial! To enter setup on my laptop I had to push f10… it previously had Vista installed, I’m in the process of doing a clean install of Windows 7. In case anybody couldn’t get into setup pressing f2, try f10 if you were using Vista.

  53. @Justine is correct, just to add, you may also try F11 for the boot options when booting up your Laptop or desktops, it will provide you the list of all the devices on your computer.

  54. this is awesome man a can not thank you enough

  55. Stan  

    This is sooooo still relevant! Great info. I’ve been stuck for awhile trying to install ubuntu. This article did the trick. Thanks.

  56. 2PacFan  

    Just brilliant , i just wanna thank yu all 😀

  57. red  

    Hi there is it normal that when i used the xcopy command and it didint go all the way to end that says successfully copied the installer it only stops at the intsall.wim

    • THT  

      late reply, but for others that may be reading this – it doesn’t stop there; it’s just a big file so stays on it for quite a while… just leave it to do it’s thing and once it’s finished you can type in a new command – that’s when you know it really is done 🙂

  58. Jeffrey Duke  

    Worked Great. It’s not too bad I’m using a Highspeed 16gb SD Card and so far doing what it’s supposed to great job thanks. 🙂

  59. Tom  

    Last command don’t work for me. Could you please tell what letter is what? Thank you.

  60. Webwench  

    Formatted and copied successfully and boot priority set on SD Card, however when attempting to boot i get:

    “File: \Boot\BCD

    Status: 0xc000000c

    Info: An error occurred while attempting to read the boot configuration data.”

    Any ideas? Thanks in advance.

  61. SalahUlDeen  

    i dont have a disk or a iso file
    i only have the normal setup.exe
    what shall i do ?

  62. Win7Install  

    I’m getting the same error as webwench “Info: An error occurred while attempting to read the boot configuration data.””

  63. THT  

    just done this after fitting an SSD to my netbook, all worked fine with no issues 🙂

  64. Muhammad Farooqi  

    wow. Thank you very much..
    btw.. do i need to format using cmd .??? why not just right click and format.??
    thank you

  65. barrelman  

    using a 4gb micro sd card. cmd stopped at install.wim ->install.wim. is this the last file to be copied? do i need to wait a lil longer? will cmd output a messege saying its finished? how will i know its done?

    thanks alot.

    • dave  

      when iv finished using this for a boot up disk can I make it back to a sd card for my camera thank you

  66. Karl  

    my girl-friend received a desktop about 3 months ago from her grandfather.

    The box runs win 7 home prem.

    my girl-friend … I’m serious … really knows nothing about computers … like her car all she knows is that gas goes in the tank … WELL … she found an INSTALL XP disk in the box of stuff from her granddad … and she diligently tried to install XP over the 7 to impress me when I came home …. now the box doesn’t run …

    I tried a boot disk and I can’t find the original OEM win 7 disk … grand dad isn’t helping … can’t remember anything …

    What can I do ….????

    I have a Win 7 hm prem *.iso file a friend gave me … can I use this???

    Karl ….

  67. ntomi26  

    Hey guys! This article explains the same thing,but for usb drives.

    http://www.intowindows.com/how-to-install-windows-7vista-from-usb-drive-detailed-100-working-guide/

    I dont know if that is much of a difference, but it worked out for me nice! (there are also picture of the cmd)

  68. Prashant  

    dont find my sd card in list disk. show only system hdd plz tell me this problem solution

  69. werg  

    Didn’t work because one of the files from win8 is larger than 4gb wich fat32 does not support

  70. Ram ji  

    how can we copy from drive …
    like if my window is in E:\Softwares\Window Ultimate.
    then what is process..

  71. waqar  

    thanks for the help

  72. Oli  

    Just asking, will this install to the SD card or a HDD? Because I’d like to install it to a 32GB SD.

  73. sam  

    Hye
    So I just copy the iso file from the cd drive to the sd card ? No need for win32diskmager ?

  74. azharsamy79  

    i have iso which is stored on hard drive. do i still have to follow the same step after step 5. is it still possible to make bootable flashdrive with this method

  75. Xero  

    NEED HELP!!!

    I have a UMPC and it has only one boot option. boot from “SD SLOT1: Flash memory device”. I need to make a bootable sd card that works for builtin sd card slots. All these methods and other softwares work for USB or USB Card Readers.

  76. KSMaseed  

    Dear Austin Ruthruf,
    It is very good post but I need your help. when I type “list disk” this just show my hard drive but a memory stick. this shows only when it is typed “list volume” but after that next steps can’t be followed because again we have to type “disk number #” while the stick shown is in volume not in disk. Now how to make this as bootable. I am new to this but can do fine; appreciate all yor posts.
    thanks and regards.

  77. KSMaseed  

    Hi, I still didn’t find the solution. sd card is not showing in list disk.

  78. reven  

    success….great tutorial…now i have a bootable SD card…

    thanks a lot buddy…….
    GBU^_^

  79. myhate  

    Hey mate. Great post. Not only works perfectly but its explined very well. Also like the humor 🙂
    Thanks a lot.

  80. akash  

    Is this process applicable for windows xp
    If no so i make windows xp bootable

  81. Tom Jeuring  

    Thanks man, I would have installed Windows 7 on my laptop through my USB, but I lost it xD

    This tutorial really helped me out! Nicely done 🙂

  82. HoLord  

    I am getting access denied when i try to xcopy that crap but then i have tried it with cmd in adminitrator mode and i am getting access denied over and and over again any help ? :/

  83. Manuel  

    Simple and easy. Best so far.
    Thanks.

  84. Dingfu  

    My installation DVD consists of 3 nos.(1 of 3, 2 of 3 & 3 of 3), I need to XCOPY one after one? or can I copy all these using normal way: click the DVD drive, copy all files & paste to SD drive?

    Thanks,

  85. Owen  

    The title of your article is misleading. You are giving instructions for making a Windows installation SD or USB, NOT a Windows SD or USB. Big difference. The instructions in this article are all over the internet, the other is harder to find.

    • Manuel Franco  

      Exactly! The problem is that it’s not specific enough, and obv it can be Interpreted both ways. Although technically both are boots from removable media; only with different final intent. &BTW, I came searching for the latter reason too 😉

  86. Vojta  

    I know it’s late, but I have a problem. A quite SERIOUS problem. My computer doesn’t have an OS, and my disc installation media is broken, so I’ve chosen this way. When I try to boot up the PC to the setup, it reads: “An operating system wasn’t found. Try disconnecting any drives that don’t contain an operating system. Press any key to restart.” I’ve done everything right – making the drive itself, giving the flash drive number 1 on the boot order, etc… The drive is not corrupted, I’ve tested it… Please someone help me…

  87. TsunaXZ  

    YEAH! It actually works now i have Bootable Windows 7 on 4GB micro sd 😀 Thanks Mate it just took me 1 and a half Hour .So easy!

  88. fanfi777  

    AWESOME. Thanks!

  89. rajkumar gautam  

    my pc not boots during startup.it messeges that “boot failure press any key”.but when i again restart my pc & press f10 by selecting sata then it boots.what can i do to fix it.
    plz help……

  90. Great its work 100% accurate,safe and fast thanks a lot dear.

  91. abuswaleh  

    thanks you.
    it works really good.

  92. Himanshu sinha  

    What should I do in .iso file case do I have to extract it directly by some iso burner?

    • Download power iso and click mount, then click set number of drives to 1, then go to the iso file, right click and mount it to the drive you just mounted. Then you’re set to copy.

  93. Himanshu sinha  

    My Sd card is not working after “clean” cmd :/ im not able to use “format fs=fat32”
    what should i do now ????

  94. Copying files now, fingers crossed 😀

  95. Silviu  

    I LOVE YOU MAN! GOD MAY BE WITH YOU

  96. M.Kasthuri  

    hi guys
    i have select disk and clean that disk but my disk was not clean.The diskpart has encountered an error: the request could not be performed because of an I/O Device error.see the system event log for more information. how to solved this problem. please help me

  97. prosper  

    thanks, is useful to me

  98. faith  

    i just usb drive instead, 1 gb sd card by xp the boot can im? cuz, recent 3 year since both 2 hdd opening wont properly.

  99. JohnB  

    Have enjoyed the comments nearly as much as the tutorial!
    The only comment is Have- besides TNX 4 the post- it was well planned-out is that [ coming from a DOS – Disk Operating System] and Pre-DOS background ],
    that it ought to be noted that the XCOPY command, rather than using the “_” character to designate a SPACE ( CHR$(32) is usually written with a “^” carrot. C:\>XCOPY^F:\*^Y:\^/s^/e^/f
    REM F: is the SOURCE and Y: is the TARGET
    and /s /f /e portion are the flags so don’t get the SLASHES mixed.
    _
    Most comments are from ppl who missed a step or made a mistake during a step, if anyone is having a problem – Start Over and follow the steps carefully!
    _
    Lastly – If you’re in FLORIDA – GET OUT NOW !!
    (Irma has come to visit)
    >EOL/EOF

  100. Abu Baker  

    great step by step tutorial. Thanks

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