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How to Setup Your Self-Owned Dropbox with Owncloud

Do you like Dropbox? What if there was a way for you to get unlimited online cloud storage space for a lot less money than iCloud, Dropbox, or Sugarsync charges? Good news, there is. Owncloud is a free Open Source server software package that allows you to access your data from anywhere, and you control all of the hosting. This self-hosted and community driven service offers cross-platform clients across Windows, Linux, Mac, Android, and iOS.

owncloud data storage

Why use Owncloud? We’re big fans of Dropbox and Sugarsync  here at groovyPost, but I think Owncloud is a better solution, if you have either the know-how or bravery to set it up (it isn’t that hard…). The problem is that everything you upload to your Dropbox account is on third party servers, and Dropbox employees can not only access it, they can retrieve those files if requested to (primarily by law enforcement agencies and legal warrants). With Owncloud you own the data, and all control over it. Of course if you’re going to use it to store sensitive data you may want to use Truecrypt to secure the important files that you upload.

If you want to try out Owncloud before installing it, check out the live demo site that the dev team set up for that latest version.

owncloud demo webapp

What you’ll need to setup Owncloud:

  • A Linux server/desktop. This can be one at your house, or a hosting plan (like Dreamhost or 1and1).  I recommend using a host. Owncloud has a few basic dependencies such as PHP5 and My SQLite. Full server requirements can be found here. Most shared-hosting plans have all of the needed packages installed.
  • An FTP client. I recommend Filezilla. (Not needed if installing to your own PC)
  • (Optional/Faster) An SSH client. I recommend PuTTY.

Download Owncloud from the official site: http://owncloud.org/support/install/
The latest version as of writing this tutorial is version 4.5.2, and I recommend grabbing the latest version if there is a newer one available (higher number means newer).

We’ll split this into two different types of guides, a short one with the basics, and a longer one with more details.

The short setup guide:

  1. Download the latest Owncloud archive. (For home use try the auto web installer first)
  2. Upload the archive to a folder within the /var/www/ area of your server.
  3. Extract the contents of the archive (or do so before uploading).
  4. Change the ownership of the extracted owncloud folder to your username using root access, or set the permissions of the folder to 777 via FTP.
  5. Use an internet browser and go to http://yoursiteorIP/owncloud/
  6. Use Owncloud’s interface to create an admin account and give it a strong password.
  7. Choose whether to use MySQL or MySQL-lite. Lite is easier to setup if you have it available.
  8. Grab the desktop syncing client and enjoy using Owncloud.

The detailed setup guide:

First off you need the latest version of Owncloud. Updating can be a bit of a pain, so I highly recommend getting the latest version unless it doesn’t work with your server for some reason.

For home use, first try the auto web installer before tackling the manual method. Note that the web installer doesn’t usually work with remote hosting.

download link

Next  upload the the Owncloud files to your server. These need to be placed in an outward facing folder that you can access from the internet (/var/www/).  On shared hosting this will likely be a subdirectory underneath your main domain installation folder. The easiest way to upload the file on a remote server is with FTP.

Note that if you don’t have SSH access you’ll need to extract the archive and then upload the contents, not the archive itself. The big advantage to using SSH here is that it gets the files extracted on your server exponentially faster, but the end result is the same.

upload ftp

(SSH Only) Use PuTTY to SSH into your server (or root console if a local PC)

Within the PuTTY command line browse to the directory that you uploaded the archive to, and then run the following command to extract it:

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tar -xjvf owncloud-4.5.2.tar.bz2

ssh inimage

As mentioned above, if you don’t have SSH access you’ll need to first extract the tar.bz2 file and then upload the contents. This will take a lot longer than extracting it after uploading, but it gets the job done.

ftp extractowncloud folder

Now you just need to change the permissions of the install. If you are still connected via SSH just run the following command from the parent directory that you uploaded owncloud into. Just replace www-data:www-data with your username and group on the server, but much Apache servers use www-data as the username.

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chown -R www-data:www-data owncloud/

If you don’t have SSH the alternative is to browse to the config file via FTP and set the permissions to 777 (All access all users). Once installation is done you can set this back to 750 to re-secure it.

file attributesread write execute permissions config

That’s all there is for backend config. Next visit the owncloud directory using your browser. Create your administrator account, give it a good password, and finish setup.

If My SQLite is detected it will automatically be used, if not you may need to set up a MYSQL database which can be configured while creating the administrator account.

finish settings

Once you have your admin account setup I recommend creating a secondary account and using it for syncing with all your devices. This is just an extra measure of security to prevent someone from gaining access to your Owncloud by using information stored on one of your synced devices.

I highly recommend using the desktop syncing client as it provides a seamless backup experience. It can be found for all operating systems on the Sync Client Download page.

If you have a mobile device Owncloud is also availble on Android and iOS ($0.99 on iTunes).

owncloud sync clients

When connecting a syncing client, use the same address that owncloud is installed into. If you have SSL enabled on the server you can “use a secure connection.” Otherwise just enter your account username and password and everything should work!

create connection

That’s all there is to setting up and getting started with ownCloud. If you have any questions regarding this groovy service, please drop a comment below.

Troubleshooting

If you see:

Fatal error: Call to undefined function stream_resolve_include_path() in
/htdocs/owncloud/lib/base.php on line 99”

This is caused by your server not utilizing the latest version of PHP. You may need to update PHP on the server. Some web hosts have the latest PHP installed, but it is not used by default. In that case the solution is to add the following two lines to your .htaccess file (this is the case with 1and1):

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AddType x-mapp-php6 .php
1 
AddHandler x-mapp-php6 .php

If you see:

Failed to connect to ownCloud!
Error: SSL handshake failed
Connection to ownCloud could not be established. Please check again.

This likely means your server isn’t configured to use SSL. Usually this is because you need an SSL certificate installed on the server (more configuration information here). Unfortunately these can be pricey and cost an average of $50 per year. However, some hosting providers offer a unique or  “shared” SSL for free. These are less secure, but are better than nothing. Another option is to use a free SSL proxy. If you are running owncloud on a local PC there is also this option.

You can always just use Owncloud without SSL encryption, but if it is available you should definitely take advantage of the added security.

If you see:

Cannot modify header information – headers already sent by (owncloud/core/lostpassword/index.php:27) in /owncloud/lib/template.php on line 164

This is caused by an error in the remote.php file. Just change that file to the following code to fix it:

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<?php $RUNTIME_NOSETUPFS = true; $RUNTIME_NOAPPS = TRUE; require_once('lib/base.php'); if (array_key_exists('PATH_INFO', $_SERVER)){ $path_info = $_SERVER['PATH_INFO']; }else{ $path_info = substr($_SERVER['PHP_SELF'], strpos($_SERVER['PHP_SELF'], basename(__FILE__)) + strlen(basename(__FILE__))); } // begin modification if (empty($path_info)){ $path_info = str_replace($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'],"",$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']); } // end modification if (!$pos = strpos($path_info, '/', 1)) { $pos = strlen($path_info); } $service=substr($path_info, 1, $pos-1); $file = OCP\CONFIG::getAppValue('core', 'remote_' . $service); if(is_null($file)){ header('HTTP/1.0 404 Not Found'); exit; } $parts=explode('/',$file); $app=$parts[2]; OC_App::loadApp($app); $baseuri = OC::$WEBROOT . '/remote.php/'.$service.'/'; require_once(OC::$APPSROOT . $file);

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3 Responses to How to Setup Your Self-Owned Dropbox with Owncloud

  1. Jack Busch November 26, 2012 at 7:08 pm #

    Cool! I have been waiting for something like this to come out. SparkleShare looked like the beginnings of this but a little user unfriendly. I am going to try to use this to sync my files locally across my machines. Nice writeup!

  2. Hammad November 27, 2012 at 10:43 am #

    Great writeup Austin…. Will definitely give this one a try on my hosting server and see how things work out. If i come across any error, will let you know.

  3. Vaclav Nikdo June 5, 2013 at 5:07 pm #

    Thank. I’ll give this a try, but putty for and ssh client!! Are windoze devs still using putty!!?? Holly trog-la-trash batman! You need a proper command line shell however you can get one! Pick a *nix, any ol’ *nix. 🙂

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